As Daily tech user, we all know that whatever application utilised by us on Digital Electronics has a Graphical user interface. here in this blog I'm gonna tell you all a Very Brief History of GUI . let’s see

The Graphical User Interface has a long and venerable history dating back as far as the 1960s. Stanford’s NLS (oN-Line System) introduced the mouse and windows concept, first demonstrated publicly in 1968. Later in 1973 Xerox PARC developed the Alto personal computer. It had a bitmapped screen and was the first computer to demonstrate the desktop metaphor and GUI. It was not a commercial product, but several thousand units were built and were heavily used at PARC, as well as other XEROX offices, and at several universities for many years.

These early systems already had many of the features we take for granted in modern desktop GUIs, including windows, menus, radio buttons, checkboxes and later icons. This combination of features — gave us the early acronym used for these types of interfaces: WIMP (windows, icons, menus, pointing device — a mouse). The Alto greatly influenced the design of personal computers during the late 1970s and early 1980s, notably the Three rivers PERQ, Apple Lisa and Macintosh, and the first Sun workstations. In 1979 the first commercial system featuring a GUI was released — the PERQ workstation. This spurred several other GUI efforts, including the Apple Lisa (1983), which added the menu bar and window controls concept. As well as many other systems from the Atari ST (GEM), Amiga. On UNIX (and later Linux) the X Window System emerged in 1984. The first version of Windows for PC was released in 1985.

Windows 3.1 GUI (1993)

These GUIs were not an instant hit due to the lack of compatible software at launch and expensive hardware requirements — particularly for home users. Slowly, but steadily, the GUI interface become the preferred way to interact with computers and the WIMP metaphor became firmly established as the standard. That’s not to say there haven’t been attempts to replace the WIMP metaphor on the desktop. Microsoft Bob (1995), for example, was Microsoft’s much-maligned attempt to replace the desktop with a house

There has been no shortage of other GUIs hailed as revolutionary in their time, from the launch of Windows 95 (1995) through to Mac OS X (2001), GNOME Shell (2011) and Windows 10 (2015). Each of these overhauled the UIs of their respective desktop systems, often with much fanfare. But fundamentally nothing really changed. These new UIs are still very much WIMP systems and function in exactly the same way as GUIs have since the 1980s. When the revolution came, it was mobile — the mouse has been replaced by touch, and windows by full-screen apps. But even in a world where we all walk around with smartphones in our pocket, a huge amount of daily work is still done on desktop computers. WIMP has survived 40 years of innovation and looks to survive many more.

This what short brief about GUI history Thanks for reading this articles don't forget to hit the appreciation Button if you found reading this article.

Stayed tuned next blog is on the preparation which goes some deep into GUI How we can develop GUI using QT .

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